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CATEGORIES (articles) > Engine, Gearbox > Volkswagon > Comprehensive list of Volkswagon engines

Comprehensive list of Volkswagon engines


Three cylinder

3L 1.2 TDI

This inline three cylinder is notorious for being the powerplant of the Lupo 3L and A2 3L, both VAG cars with a low consumption of only three liters per hundred kilometers (94 mpg/78 US mpg). It is based on the 1.4 TDI version but the block is made of aluminium and the elements are lighter.

Configuration 
Diesel 1191 cc inline three cylinder
Block 
bore × stroke 76.5 × 86.4 mm, aluminum
Head 
aluminum, 2 valves, overhead camshaft, 19.5 compression ratio
Aspiration 
turbocharger
Fuel 
Pump direct injection
Dimensions 
100 kg
Output 
45 kW (61 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 140 N·m between 1800 and 2400 rpm, 80% available from 1300 rpm
Applications 
Audi A2, VW Lupo 3L
Source 
Audi A2 1.2 TDI: The three-litre car from Audi, Audi AG via AudiWorld, November 28, 1999

70-90 hp 1.4 TDI

Configuration 
Diesel 1422 cc (86 in³) inline three cylinder
Block 
bore * stroke 79.5 * 95.5, grey cast iron
Head 
2 valves, overhead camshaft, 18 to 19.5 compression ratio
Aspiration 
variable turbine geometry tubocharger, intercooler, 2.3 bar absolute boost
Fuel 
Pump direct injection, Bosch EDC 15 engine management
Exhaust 
Oxidating catalityc converter, exhaust gas recirculation, EU4 limits
Dimensions 
127 kg
Output 
51 kW (70 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 155 N·m between 1600 and 2800 rpm
55 kW (75 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 195 N·m (144 ft·lbf) @ 2200 rpm
59 kW (80 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 195 N·m @ 2200 rpm
66 kW (90 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 230 N·m from 1900 to 2300 rpm
Applications 
Audi A2, VW Lupo, VW Polo, SEAT Arosa, SEAT Ibiza, SEAT Córdoba, Škoda Fabia
Source 
New Audi A2 1.4 TDI with 90 bhp Engine, Audi AG via German Car Fans, 11-10-2003

Four cylinder

60 hp 1.7 SDI

Configuration 
Diesel 1716 cc inline 4
Block 
79.5 bore * 86.4 mm stroke
Head 
19.5 compression ratio, overhead cam and two valves per cylinder
Fuel 
direct injection
Exhaust 
catalytic converter, EU3 emissions
Output 
44 kW (60 hp) @ 4200 rpm, 115 N·m @ 2200 rpm
Applications 
VW Lupo, SEAT Arosa

64 hp 1.9L SDI (Non-Turbo)

This is a naturally aspirated version of the 1.9 TDI below

output 
47 kW (64 hp) / 50 kW (68 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 125 N·m (92 lbf·ft) @ 1600-2800 rpm / 133 N·m (98 lbf·ft) @ 1800 rpm
applications 
VW Golf, VW Polo, Škoda Fabia, SEAT León (discontinued)

75 hp 2.0L SDI

Configuration 
1968 cc Wet sumped inline four
Head 
aluminium, SOHC, 2 valves per cylinder, compression ratio 19:1
Block 
cast iron, five main bearings block, 81 mm bore × 95.5 mm stroke
Fuel 
multi point direct injection
Output 
55 kW (75 hp) @ 4200 rpm, 140 N·m (103 lbf·ft) @ 2400 rpm
Applications 
2003 VW Golf

90-160 hp 1.9 TDI

Volkswagen 1.4 TSI engine exploded view
0

The 1.9 TDI is the emblematic turbodiesel from volkswagen, which developed the notion of various ouputs of the same engine. In the Passat, the 90 hp was introduced in 1993, the 110 hp in 1996 and the first TDI with pump­jet direct injection in 1998 with 115 hp. The EA086 is built in Puebla, Mexico for North America. These have progressively been discontinued, and now only the new 105 hp version is used on new models, like the Golf V, the Jetta and the new Passat. See TDI

Configuration
1896 cc inline 4 cylinder
head 
SOHC, aluminum, compression ratio 19.5:1
block
cast iron, bore 79.5 mm × stroke 95.5 mm
aspiration 
turbocharger, cast aluminum intake manifold, bucket tappets
crankshaft 
fracture-split forged steel connecting rods, one-piece cast camshaft
fuel system 
DI fuel injection
output
66 kW (90 hp) @ 3750 rpm, 210 N·m (155 ft·lbf) @ 1900 rpm; VW Passat, VW Golf, VW Jetta and Jetta Wagon, and VW New Beetle (a pump injector version is still used in the Golf Plus and Touran)
81 kW (110 hp), 235 N·m (173 lbf·ft) @ 1900 rpm with a variable nozzle turbocharger (discontinued)

Pump injector versions (Pumpe-Düse), compression ratio 19.0:1

66 kW (90 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 240 N·m @ 1900 rpm; VW Sharan
74 kW (100 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 240 N·m (177 lbf·ft) @ 1800-2400 rpm (Bosch EDC 17); Golf, Jetta, Jetta Wagon, and New Beetle, Škoda Fabia (discontinued)
78 kW (105 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 250 N·m @ 1900 rpm; SEAT Altea, VW Golf V, VW New Passat, etc.
85 kW (115 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 285 N·m @ 1900 rpm (discontinued)
85 kW (115 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 310 N·m @ 1900 rpm; VW Sharan, Seat Alhambra, Ford Galaxy
96 kW (130 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 310 N·m @ 1900 rpm; VW Golf, Škoda Fabia, VW Polo Sport, VW Jetta, Audi A4, Audi A6
96 kW (130 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 285 N·m @ 1900 rpm; Audi A4, Skoda Superb ( engine for the gear box with 5 speeds )
110 kW (150 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 320 N·m @ 1900 rpm; VW Golf IV, SEAT León, VW Bora, etc. (discontinued)
118 kW (160 hp) @ 3750 rpm, 330 N·m @ 1900 rpm; Seat Ibiza Cupra

134-170 hp 2.0L TDI

This engine was made to replace the older fashioned higher-powered versions of the 1.9 TDI. It is the first DOHC 4-cylinder TDI engine made by Volkswagen. The lower-powered versions of the 1.9 TDI were replaced by the above mentioned new 105 hp version of the 1.9 TDI.

Configuration 
inline 4 cylinder 1968 cm³ TDI
Head 
4 valves per cylinder, DOHC, compression ratio 18.5:1
Fuel system 
direct-injection pump/nozzle, piezo actuators valve, pressure up to 2,200 bar
Aspiration 
switched induction manifold for turbulence control, turbocharged, intercooled
Engine management
Bosch EDC 16
exhaust 
particulate filter
Output
100 kW (136 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 320 N·m @ 1750 to 2500 rpm
103 kW (140 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 335 N·m (247 lbf·ft) @ 1900 rpm
125 kW (170 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 350 N·m @ 1800 to 2500 rpm
Sources 
GermanCarFans
Tuned 
150 kW (204 hp)
Available on 
VW Golf, VW Touran, VW Jetta, VW Passat and Passat Wagon since 2005

Five cylinder

115/140 hp 2.5L TDI

This 2460 cm³ inline five engine was the first TDI in 1989, used in the Audi 100

output
85 kW (115 hp), 265 N·m @ 1900 rpm in the Audi 100 C3
103 kW (140 hp), 290 N·m @ 1900 rpm in the 1994 Audi 100 C4
110 kW (150 hp) at 4000 rpm, 295 N·m at 1900 rpm VW T4

131/174 hp 2.5L R5 TDI

R5 TDI engine cutaway, aspiration side R5 TDI engine cutaway, exhaust side

Configuration 
2460 cc water cooled in line five-cylinder
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 81 x 95.5 (0,85 ratio), 492 cc/cylinder
Head 
single overhead cam, two valves per cylinder, 18.0:1 Compression ratio
Fuel system 
Unit injector pump direct injection diesel
Aspiration 
variable turbine geometry turbocharger with intercooler
Output 
128 kW (174 hp) @ 3500 rpm, 400 N·m @ 2000 rpm
96 kW (131 hp) also in the Multivan
Tuned 
158 kW (215 hp), 468 N·m
Available on 
VW Touareg, VW Multivan

Six cylinder

150-180 hp 2.5 V6 TDI

2.5 V6 TDI engine drawing
output
110 kW (150 hp), 310 N·m @ 2200 rpm in the Audi A8 D2, Audi A6 C5, Audi A4 and VW Passat B5
114 kW (155 hp), 310 N·m @ 1400 rpm the Audi A6 and Audi Allroad C5, Audi A4 and VW Passat B6
120 kW (163 hp), 310 N·m @ 1400 rpm the Audi A6 and Audi Allroad C5, Audi A4 and VW Passat B6
132 kW (180 hp), 370 N·m @ 1500 rpm the Audi A8 D2, Audi A6 C5,

180 hp 2.7L V6 TDI

V6 2.7 TDI cutaway drawing
Configuration 
2,698 cc V6, stroke reduced version of the 3.0 TDI
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 83 mm × 83,1 mm (1:1 ratio), 450 cc/cylinder
Fuel system 
common rail direct diesel injection, separate high-pressure pump and rail for each row of cylinders, maximum injection pressure of 1600 bar, piezo injectors, up to five injection per stroke
Aspiration 
turbocharged
Output 
132 kW (180 hp) @ 3,300 to 4,250 rpm, 380 N·m @ 1,400 rpm to 3,300 rpm
tuned: 165 kW (225 hp), 460 N·m @ 1500 rpm
Sources 
GermanCarFans
Available on 
Audi A6 since 2004

204-233 hp 3.0L V6 TDI

3.0 V6 TDI cutaway
Configuration 
2967 cc wet sumped 90°V6
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 83 mm × 91.4 mm (0.91 ratio), 494.5 cc/cylinder, vermicular graphite cast iron block
Head 
4 valves per cylinder, DOHC, 17:1 Compression ratio, low-friction roller finger followers with hydraulic valve clearance compensation
Fuel system 
Bosch EDC 16, common rail direct diesel injection, separate high-pressure pump and rail for each row of cylinders, maximum injection pressure of 1600 bar, piezo injectors, up to five injection cycles, seven holes
Aspiration 
electric variable turbine geometry turbocharger fitted within the inner-V, maximum absolute pressure 2,3 bars, two intercoolers running in parallel, Variable induction tract
Dimensions 
219 kg, 444 mm length
Output 
500 N·m @ 1750 rpm, 450 N·m between 1400 and 3250 rpm
150 kW (204 hp) at 3500 rpm
165.5 kW (225 hp)
171 kW (233 hp) at 4000 rpm
tuned : 206 kW (280 hp) at 4400 rpm, 583 N·m at 2500 rpm in the Audi A6 Avant 3.0 V6 TDI by Nothelle
Sources 
New Audi A6 - In Depth, Audi AG via GermanCarFans, 2004-04-08
New VW Touareg V6 TDI, VW AG via GermanCarFans, 2004-11-17
Available on 
(204 hp) Audi A4
(225 hp) VW Phaeton, Audi A6, VW Touareg
(233 hp) Audi A8, 2006 Audi Q7

Eight cylinder

225 hp 3.3 V8 TDI

configuration 
90° V8
cylinders 
86.4 mm stroke, 78.3 mm bore, vermicular-graphite cast iron block, laterally supported main bearing frame, oil-cooled by cast-in cooling ducts pistons
head
aluminium, four valves per cylinder, 18.5:1 compression ratio
fuel 
one common rail per bank, 1350 bars, six-jet injection nozzles
aspiration 
two electronically controlled turbochargers with variable turbine geometry, 2.2 bar maximum absolute pressure, air-to-water intercooler in the vee (to 80 °C)
dimensions 
717 mm lentgh, 842 mm wide, 688 mm high
exhaust 
cooled by water recirculated exhaust gas
output 
165 kW (225 hp) at 4000 rpm, 480 N·m from 1800 to 3000 rpm
chiptuned : 202 kW (275 hp), 560 N·m (ETS-Power)
best specific consumption 
205 g/kW/h (41,1% Energy efficiency)
source 
Audi A8 3.3 TDI quattro, press release via AudiWorld, July 10, 2000
application 
2000 Audi A8 D2

275 hp 4.0 V8 TDI

Audi 4.0 TDI engine photo
Audi 4.0 TDI engine cutaway drawing
configuration 
3936 cc 90° V8
cylinders 
bore * stroke 81 * 95.5 mm, vermicular graphite cast iron block, 88 mm cylinder spacing
head
four valves per cylinder, operated by low-friction roller cam followers with hydraulic valve clearance compensation, compression ratio 17.5:1, chain drive for camshafts and ancillaries
fuel 
Bosch EDC16 system engine management, one high-pressure pump and one 1600 bar common rail per cylinder bank, solenoid-valve injectors with 7-hole nozzles, Single and double pilot injection
aspiration 
two turbochargers with electrically operated variable turbine geometry, two air-to-air intercoolers, two intake manifolds interconnected by a "feedthrough" system to equalise the pressure in the two cylinder banks, two-position variable swirl flaps integrated into the intake tract
exhaust 
cooled exhaust-gas recirculation, two close-coupled primary catalytic converters plus main converters, Euro III standard
dimensions 
270 kg, 516 mm length
output 
202 kW, 650 N·m
source 
Audi A8 4.0 TDI quattro, press releae via AudiWorld, March 4, 2003
application 
2003 Audi A8 D3

326 hp 4.2L V8 TDI

4.2L V8 TDI engine cutaway drawing
Configuration 
4,134 cc wet sumped 90°V8
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 83 mm × 95.5 mm (0.87 ratio), 516.75 cc/cylinder, vermicular graphite cast iron block, UV laser exposed bore, 90 mm spacing
Crankshaft 
chrome molybdenum steel, first and second order forces and moments avoided
Head 
aluminium, 4 valves per cylinder, DOHC, 16.5:1 Compression ratio, chain driven camshafts, low-friction roller finger followers with hydraulic valve clearance compensation
Fuel system 
Bosch EDC 16 CP, common rail direct diesel injection, one high-pressure pump and separate rail for each row of cylinders, maximum injection pressure of 1600 bar, piezo injectors, up to five injection cycles, eight-hole nozzles
Aspiration 
twin electric variable turbine geometry 226,000 rpm max turbochargers (one per bank), maximum absolute pressure 2.5 bars, two intercoolers
exhaust 
two maintenance-free oxidizing catalytic converters and a silicon carbide particulate filters
Dimensions 
255 kg, 520 mm length
Output 
240 kW (326 hp) @ 3750 rpm , 650 N·m @ 1600-3500 rpm
tuned: 272 kW (370 hp) @ 4000 rpm, 750 N·m @ 1600 rpm
Source 
GermanCarFans
Available on 
Audi A8 D3

Ten cylinder

313 hp 5.0L V10 TDI

Volkswagen 5.0L V10 TDI cutaway

The V10 TDI is the biggest diesel engine used in personal cars. It has been used in a Lola sports car in 2004 to compete Le Mans under a Caterpillar badge (perkins.com).

Configuration 
4,921 cc water cooled 90° V10
Cylinders 
Bore × stroke 81 x 95.5 (0,85 ratio), 492 cc/cylinder, 88 mm cylinder spacing, low-pressure die-cast aluminium alloy block (AlSi8Cu3) with bolted-on grey cast iron bearing tunnel and crank carrier.
Head 
light metal alloy, crossflow, inlet side within the V, gear driven single overhead cam, two valves per cylinder, 18:1 Compression ratio
Fuel system 
direct injection diesel, Bosch EDC 16 management, 2050 bar unit injector pump, solenoid valve, 72º ignition interval
Aspiration 
two electrically-controlled Garrett GT1852V variable vane turbochargers with intercooler
Dimensions 
544 mm length
Output 
230 kW (313 hp) @ 3,750 rpm, 750 N·m (553 ft·lbf) @ 2,000 rpm
Tuned 
257 kW (350 hp), 850 N·m
Source 
GermanCarFans
Available on 
VW Touareg, VW Phaeton

Diesel engines data table

Model Displacement Power Power speed Torque @ max power Torque Torque speed Power @ max torque Specific power Max MEP MEP @ max power
Name cm³ kW rpm N·m N·m rpm kW kW/l bar bar
134 hp 2.0L TDI 1,968 100 4000 239 335 1750 61 50.8 21.39 15.,24
140 hp 2.0L TDI 1,968 103 4000 246 320 1750 59 52,3 20,43 15,70
170 hp 2.0L TDI 1,968 125 4000 298 350 1800 66 63.5 22.35 19.05
2.5L R5 TDI 2,460 128 3500 349 400 2000 84 52,0 20.43 17.84
2.7L V6 TDI 2,698 132 3300 382 380 1400 56 48.9 17.70 17.79
204 hp 3.0L TDI 2,967 150 3500 409 450 1400 66 50.6 19.06 17.33
225 hp 3.0L TDI 2,967 165,5 4000 395 450 1400 66 55.8 19.06 16.73
233 hp 3.0L TDI 2,967 171 4000 408 500 1750 92 57.6 21.18 17.29
4.2L V8 TDI 4,134 240 3750 611 650 1600 109 58.1 19.76 18.58
V10 TDI 4,921 230 3750 586 750 2000 157 46.7 19.15 14.96



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