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CATEGORIES (articles) > Engine, Gearbox > BMW > BMW M60 V8 Engine overview

BMW M60 V8 Engine overview


BMW M60 engine
Manufacturer: BMW
Production: 1992–1995
Predecessor: BMW M30
Successor: BMW M62
Class: DOHC V8
Engine: 3.0 L (2997 cc/182 in³)
4.0 L (3982 cc/242 in³)
Similar: Mercedes-Benz M119

The M60 is the internal code for the V8 engine manufactured by BMW from April 1992 to 1995. It largely replaced the BMW M30 inline six.

Models
Engine Displacement Power Torque Redline Year
M60B30 3.0 L (2997 cc/182 in³) 160 kW (215 hp) @ 5800 290 N·m (214 ft·lbf) @ 4500 6500 1992
M60B40 4.0 L (3982 cc/242 in³) 210 kW (282 hp) @ 5800 400 N·m (295 ft·lbf) @ 4500 6500 1992

Development

Development of the V8 engine began in 1984, and the engine was committed to production in 1986. Some 560 test engines were built throughout the development program.

Design made extensive use of CAD to minimize size and weight. It had a closed-deck cylinder block for maximum rigidity, and used aluminum alloy for both block and cylinder head. The valve covers were magnesium, and the air cleaner was plastic. Nikasil plating was used rather than iron for the cylinder liners (although this proved problematic, as described below). The sintered connecting rods were made as a single piece and then fractured in order to insure a closer fit. The block weighed 55 lb (25 kg), and the heads 65 lb (29 kg) each. Total dry weight was 447 lb (203 kg).

The M60 engine had four valves per cylinder, with chain-driven dual overhead camshafts. Valves had hydraulic lash adjustment to reduce maintenance, and the camshaft chain drive was self-adjusting. There was no distributor, each cylinder having its own ignition coil. Fuel injection and ignition were managed by the Bosch DME (Digital Motor Electronics) 3.3 computer system.

The M60 was offered in two sizes: the 3.0 L (183 in³) M60B30 and the 4.0 L (243 in³) M60B40. The two had very similar design, but neither block, heads, nor crankshaft were interchangeable.

M60B30

The M60B30 had a bore of 84 mm (3.31 in) and a stroke of 67.6 mm (2.66 in), for a displacement of 2,997 cc (183 in³). Compression ratio was 10.5:1, giving an output of 218 hp (163 kW) @ 5800 rpm and 210 ft·lbf (290 N·m) @ 4500 rpm.

Cars with this engine:

  • 1993-1995 E34 530i
  • 1992-1994 E32 730i
  • 1994-1996 E38 730i

M60B40

The M60B40 had a bore of 89 mm (3.50 in) and a stroke of 80 mm (3.15 in), for a total displacement of 3,982 cc (243 in³). Compression was 10.0:1, giving 286 hp (213 kW) @ 5800 rpm and 295 ft·lbf (400 N·m) @ 5100 rpm. It had a forged crankshaft rather than the M60B30's cast piece.

Cars with this engine:

  • 1993-1995 E34 540i
  • 1992-1994 E32 740i
  • 1994-1996 E38 740i
  • 1992-1996 E31 840i

The M60 was on the Ward's 10 Best Engines list for 1995 and 1996.

In 1996 the M60 was replaced with the M62 series engines.

The Nikasil problem

BMW used Nikasil, an aluminium, nickel, and silicon alloy, to line the cylinders of the M60 engines. The cross-hatched Nikasil linings react with the high sulfur content found in lower-quality gasoline, such as that used in parts of the United States. This reaction causes damage to the very top of the cylinder bore, where there is the most contact of the burning mixture and the cylinder lining. The damage prevents a good seal from forming between the piston and the cylinder wall, causing a loss of compression in the combustion chamber. This "leak down" will cause M60s with worn linings to exhibit a rough idle, and if the problem continues unchecked, the engine will not start.

The only permanent fix for this problem is the replacement of the short block with the equivalent block using Alusil linings, which do not exhibit this corrosion problem. After the problem was found, BMW issued an extended six-year, 100,000-mile (160,000 km) warranty to cover these engines at no cost to the owner.

The composition of the engine can be found by checking the serial number stamped into the engine block:

M60B30:

  • 1 725 970 - Nikasil
  • 1 741 212 - Nikasil
  • 1 745 871 - Alusil

M60B40:

  • 1 725 963 - Nikasil
  • 1 742 998 - Nikasil
  • 1 745 872 - Alusil




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